Jonglei state is one of the major fish producing state in South Sudan. The state has White Nile river, many islands and swamps which provides a rich source of various species of fishes such as the popular Nile Perch, Tilapia, the Cat-fish and Mudfish.

Fishing is the one of the major facets in facilitation and enhancing of wealth creation, food security and economy growth in Jonglei state. The fishing activities is done using the traditional spears, baiting, and wooden canoe nets and modern motor boats.