Jonglei State was the largest state in South Sudan but after ten (10) states of South Sudan divided in 28 states by President Kiir, Jonglei divided into four states namely, Jonglei, Boma, Bieh and Fangak states. New Jonglei State which comprised of three counties of Bor, Twic East and Duk. reorganized into 17 new counties in 2016. The current governor of Jonglei State is Maker Thiong Mal.
The economy of Jonglei is mostly dependent upon livestock, and agro-pastoralists, combining cattle-rearing with wet season agriculture according to the rains, and fishing along White Nile river.
Bor Civil Hospital is the main hospital in Jonglei State located in Bor town. There are other primary health care centers (PHCC) and primary health care units (PHCU) which complement services offered by Bor Civil Hospital.
The main transport connections are Bor Airport at Bor, in addition to river traffic on the White Nile and three major roads that lead out of Bor to other parts of South Sudan.
The John Garang Memorial University of Science and Technology, one of the seven public universities in the country, is located in Bor.